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The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting on 23 January 2020 the implementing laws (the 2020 Withdrawal Agreement Act) of the European Union (withdrawal agreement). Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020. [7] The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185. The 599-page withdrawal contract covers the following main areas:[16] If you have worked in several Member States or contract countries, you receive an individual pension from each country in which you have accumulated periods of insurance, as long as the eligibility requirements are met, the « smallest pension » rule being an exception. If you are staying in a country with which Germany has signed a social security contract, restrictions may also apply. If you live in another Member State or in a country that has an agreement with Germany (contracting country), you can apply for a German pension through the insurance agency of your country concerned; a delay may apply. If you live in Germany, you can apply for a pension from another Member State or from a country under contract with German pension insurance; a delay may apply. This also applies to legal challenges against the decisions of foreign insurance agencies. Note: Even if you are a national of an EU member state or another country with which the EU has an agreement on the right of residence, EU rules still grant you the right to obtain documents under the withdrawal agreement, as explained below. However, this pays off and is generally beneficial to you. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement.

During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK. [17] The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and its accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021. [20] On 31 January 2020, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) left the European Union (EU).