Many of Canada`s national environmental objectives must be promoted by a large number of international organizations and agreements dealing with horizontal issues, as well as by a large number of partners on a bilateral, regional or multilateral basis. This ninth edition of the Compendium, updated in the winter of 2020, summarizes Canada`s current commitment to 116 international environmental agreements and instruments, including 28 bilateral cooperation agreements, 22 Canada-U.S. agreements, 57 multilateral agreements and 9 important multilateral instruments. The information is presented in individual « data sheets » in .html and .pdf formats. The overall security perspective of EU and Finnish security policy focuses on scale and prevention. Finland supports developing countries` action on climate change in the framework of development cooperation. Developed countries support the poorest countries in different ways. They provide funding and expert assistance to enable developing countries to develop their own potential to respond to climate change. Technology development and transfer also play an important role. This development cooperation has an important role to play. The EU and its member states are among the nearly 190 parties to the Paris Agreement.
The EU formally ratified the agreement on 5 October 2016, allowing it to enter into force on 4 November 2016. In order for the agreement to enter into force, at least 55 countries representing at least 55% of global emissions had to file their ratification instruments. Finland uses a wide range of channels to provide this support, including funds set up under the UNFCCC, the Global Environment Fund (AEC), the Green Climate Fund (GCF), bilateral development cooperation and NGO projects. In 2017, development investments were spent on the Finland-IFC climate programme, a joint climate fund set up by Finland in collaboration with the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a member of the World Bank Group. The climate perspective is also taken into account in Finnfund`s funding. Developing approaches to assessing the means of international cooperation The EU is at the forefront of international efforts to combat climate change. It played an important role in mediating the Paris Agreement and continues to play a leading role at the global level.